Bangkok now has risen to such a size which visitors could possibly be forgiven for thinking it has always been the capitol of Thailand. But this is not the situation. In actuality, because the 13th century it is the next such, the other two capitols being at the north at Sukhothai (1238-1351 AD) and Ayutthaya. Bangkok has only been the middle of government since 1782 and the present Grand Palace which just about every one visits was modeled on the style of the old palace in Ayutthaya. For more than 400 decades, 1351-1767, Thailand was governed from Ayutthaya in an era called historians since Thailand’s”Golden Age.”
At its height, the ancient city of Ayutthaya was a truly flourishing centre of a state which was the absolute most powerful in south east Asia for several centuries until its sacking and plundering by the Burmese in 1767. Within their lust to take control the commercial สมัครเรียน ราชภัฏ center which Ayutthaya had become due to its hands on lucrative trade routes, the Burmese destroyed most of the Angkor style temples and required unlimited levels of riches in the shape of artefacts and jewels back to Burma. Even though these were driven out less than six months after, the Burmese had ended Ayutthaya’s predominate as a capitol city as a result of thoroughness of their destruction of what have been the”jewel of the East.”
But perhaps because of the proximity of Bangkok to Ayutthaya (86 kilometers ) it really is more a booming town of more than half a million people and also the ruins of this Ayutthaya culture attract many visitors in their own right. Just as do the vibrant markets, fine floating restaurants and pleasant quietude you’re surrounded in contrast to boisterous Bangkok.
So as to best protect their house, early rulers of Ayutthaya employed three nearby rivers they joined by man made canals to encircle their stunning city, making a predominantly natural moat round the town which served to ward off germs. They were courted during those times by savvy Japanese merchants who built their particular settlement just outside the metropolis, about the opposing side of the moat, and were soon joined by other obligations constructed by English, French and Portuguese traders from Europe.
Even the Kings who ruled Ayutthaya constructed walls and fortresses in addition to the moat that surrounded themthe remnants of which can still be glimpsed at certain points from the older portion of the town. And of those countless temples which were built, there is enough remaining today to allow you to imagine yourself in Thailand’s golden age of prosperity. If you close your eyes for an instant in the closeness of an ancient ruin it is not hard to envision throngs of silken clad Thais within their national dress of baggy trousers take off at the calf moving about their business of the day. The town now is still surrounded by the three rivers (the Chao Phraya, Lop Buri and Pa Sak) and also a fantastic means to stop by the town is to take the three and a half hour boat trip around the Chao Phraya from Bangkok, arriving by road or train that’s roughly one hour and a half adventure.
When visiting Ayutthaya, as a way to get a taste of this metropolis, a good idea is to travel by boat again, taking a circumnavigatory tour of this island. Boats leave from the dock from the market and the trip lasts about an hour. You may pass by Wang Luang (the remains of those older wooden palace structures ), Wat Phra Si Sanphet, Wat Phra Ram, Wat Ratchaburana, both the Ayutthaya Study Center and also two museums – the Chao Sam Phraya and Chandra Kasem.
Your short boat trip round the island will set you up for further exploration giving you a few ideas of where you would love to explore. One temple that you might find particularly interesting is that the aforementioned Wat Phra Ram, that has been founded in 1369. It is put at a superbly presented garden with lotus blooms floating in a pond surrounded by the enigmatic ruins of this temple. The sight illuminates the issue of how the people in those times might have adorned and designed such complex and also arty structures with the technology they owned.
Yet another ancient temple worth visiting, that’s still in good repair, is Wat Phra Si Sanphet that has been founded in approximately 1448. Its three bell shaped chedis (monuments enshrining sacred Buddhist relics) are flanked by 2 columns of viharas (gathering halls and chapels) and surrounded by southern pictures of Lord Buddha.
Before leaving Ayutthaya, a must, if you want to go home with long-lasting memories, is a call to the Chao Sam Phraya Museum. There you will observe how Siam was influenced by both the Mon and Khmer cultures. You will notice well preserved remains of Buddha images and mythological pictures from Thailand, India and Sri Lanka. And you will also have the opportunity to see some fabulous shimmering treasures of gold and jewelry from the museum’s east room which were found in Wat Ratchaburana, fortunately one of the only ones not looted by the scavenging Burmese.